Nanodiamond-containing composites for tissue scaffolds and surgical implants: A review

  • Yasamin Zamani Department of Biology, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ali Zareein Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
  • Leila Bazli School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • Reyhaneh NasrAzadani Department of Biomaterials Nanotechnology and Tissue engineering, School of Advanced Technology in Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Babar Pasha Mahammod National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal, India
  • Shima Nasibi Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
  • Amir Modarresi Chahardehi Integrative Medicine Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Bertam, 13200, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia (amirmch@gmail.com) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9767-6255
Keywords: Nanodiamonds, Surface modification, Biomedical application, Nanocomposite scaffold, Implants

Abstract

Due to promising properties such as low toxicity against different cell lines, being highly stable fluorescent without showing photobleaching, and good surface properties, nanodiamonds have gained ever-increasing attention for various biomedical applications including bioimaging and therapeutic applications. Various methods are used for the fabrication of nanostructured diamond, the commonly used of which is the denotation technique. Newer approaches are being practiced for the modifcation and functionalization of their surfaces by different biomolecules suitable for interaction with considered targets. In this review, the scope and recent advancement in the feld of nanodiamonds for biomedical applications particularly their application for nanocomposite scaffold and implants are discussed.

Graphical Abstract
Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Zamani, Y., Zareein, A., Bazli, L., NasrAzadani, R., Pasha Mahammod, B., Nasibi, S., & Modarresi Chahardehi, A. (2020). Nanodiamond-containing composites for tissue scaffolds and surgical implants: A review. Journal of Composites and Compounds, 2(5), 215-227. https://doi.org/10.29252/jcc.2.4.6
Section
Review Articles